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Newsletter for January-February 2009

     Ahojte (hello) TARG members! Stastny Novy Rok! Szczesliwego Nowego! (Happy New Year!)
I hope this issue of the TARG e-newseletter finds you well. If any of you have suggestions or items to share, please feel free to send them in for inclusion!
    -- Paul K. Bingham
   TARG Founder

  1. TARG's official website: http://www.e-TARG.org!
  2. Helene B. Cincebeaux's new 2009 Treasure Tours Schedule is out! Go to her website at: www.Our-Slovakia.com
  3. The website for the Zamagurie Region DNA Project is: www.familytreedna.com/public/ZamagurieRegionDNAProject.
  4. Jewish Gen's incredibly helpful 'shtetlseeker' site: www.jewishgen.org/shtetlseeker/loctown.asp?

YOUR LETTERS___________
---Hi Paul, My father, Kazmer Lenart was born in "Zayanse," Austria in 1892. I was there 10 years ago and with a translator; talked to the priest and confirmed my father's birth records, godparents etc. The priest stated that the name Lenart was an unusual name in that village. I later found out my great grandfather traveled over the Carpathian Mountains from Hungary. I believe my tour guide/translator stated that the village of Zayanse changed it's name to.....??????
   I would appreciate any help in finding out the village's name. I would like to return there again but need the name change. We traveled about 1.5 hours from Krakow to get there by car. Please help me. Thanks! - Jerry L.
---Hi Jerry, I looked for your village in some of the reference books I have and also online at: http://www.jewishgen.org/shtetlseeker/loctown.asp?town=ANSE&ctry=PL&stype=DM&units=MILES&latd=&latm=&lond=&lonm=. Although I did find a few villages in Eastern Europe with similar spellings, I did not find anything in a range of 1.5 hours from Krakow with that name either now or historically. The prefix "zay" is something found in Hungarian
names. For instance, the Slovak village of Uhrovec was in earlier times called Zaj-Ugrocze, Zay-Ugrocz, and Zayugroc. I tried removing the Zay from Zayanse, but could find nothing definative with "anse." Do you remember which direction you went from Krakow? Was it once in the Crownland of Galicia (or Galizien in German)? It is my opinion that the name Lenart is most certainly a name of German and not Polish or Hungarian origin. There were many Germans who settled throughout the Austrian-Hungarian empire, so this is to be expected.
   When I look in our TARG database, I do find the surname LENART with that exact spelling in many villages south of Karkow. Most of these are from phonebook listings 11 years ago. Back then only about one in four households in this area had a phone, so you can almost multiply by four and get a better picture of occurance. Below are the totals for listings of the LENART surname by Polish village. Interesting is the village Zaluczne, which because of Polish diacritic marks would be pronounced "ZA - wooch - nay."
   This is really not a far stretch from Zayanse and is also about 1.5 hours out of Krakow in the hilly country close to the feet of the Tatra mountains. When you went there as a child, was it hilly country close to tall snow-covered mountains? This village would also have been in Austrian held Galician territory before WWI. If you'll notice on a map, it is also very close to many surrounding villages and towns where LENART is common. It's my bet Zaluczne is the village you want. - Paul
   6 or more occurances of LENART each in Zaluczne, Spytkowice, Piekielnik and Odrowaz
   5 occurances of LENART in Czarny Dunajec
   3 occurances of LENART each in Rabka and Nowy Targ
   2 occurances of LENART in Jordanow
   1 occurance of LENART each in Polanovce, Wysoka, Witow, Naprawa, Lipnica Wielka, Konina, and Jablonka

Chapter 8 "Sudden Cross and Sorrowing Christ" continued from last time:
Wayside shrines furnish another tasteful example of the local wood-carving art. The most typical figure in them is the so-called 'Sorrowing Christ', represented in a sitting posture with his thorn-crowned head supported on a fist. Behives are also of considerable interest. They are made in the shape of a bishop, a monk or a bear, with an entrance for the bees in the pit of the stomach. When it is an ecclesiastic personality, its folded arms holding the breviary are used by the bees as a sort of bridge to reach the entrance.
Apart from wood carving, glass painting is another, if half-forgotten local art. The painting, representing usually a holy scene, Virgin mary, or dancing robbers in red ceremonial head-gear jumping over a bonfire, is made, so to say, in reverse perspective on the back of the pane; the finer detail is painted first and then comes the background. Painting on glass on these lines has been recently revived by some sophisticated painters of Goral descent and notably my M. Gasiennica-Szostak, whose glass pictures have had considerable success.
The Tatra Museum in Zakopane contains an extensive collection illustrating Goral folklore -- wood objects, arms, costumes, pottery, etc., while the School of Wood Crafts, situated next door to it, has for one of its objects to preserve old traditions and to adapt them to the requirements of modern life.
(Chapter 9 "In the 'Hala'"" of Firsoff's 1946 book will begin in our next issue.)

CONTACTING TARG_____________________
   To contact the TARG Editor, the new e-mail address is: TatraAreaResearchGroupgmail . Our "snail" mailing address is still TARG, P.O. Box 3533, Escondido, CA 92033. use it for sending in orders or photos and anything else you want to share with the group. (If for some reason you are unable to contact us at the new address above, go ahead and use the old address targ_nethotmail.)
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